Breaking>Body parts used for breaking

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Body parts used for breaking


Body parts used for breaking and the techniques that use them.

Body part

  • Palm heel vs. fist. A palm heel strike is powerful and offers less chance of injury than when using a fist. Using the fist is more dangerous since any mistake in the performance of a punch may result in injury (such as a bent wrist may cause a sprain or a loose fist may cause brak a broken finger). Both the techniques use a thrusting movement, the only difference is the contact surface and how you from and hold your hand. With the punch, contact is made with the bones of the first two knuckles, with the knuckles held in line with the bones of the wrist and arm. With the palm heel strike, contact is made with the meaty plower part of the pal, which held in line with the bones of the wrist and arm
  • Knife hand. This is the  basic "karate chop." It is ideal for breaking with the hand and it looks more "professional" and impressive than when using a hammer fist. Start with the hand fully counter-rotated so it can snap into the technique. To help prevent injuries, keep the wrist locked and the little finger lifted. Strike with great speed and tense the knife hand at impact.
  • Elbow. Front or downward elbow strikes are the easiest arm breaks to use. There is less chance of injury than if using the hand. Just remember to hit on the flat sides, not the tip of the elbow.
  • Heel of the foot. The bottom of the heel is the best striking surface for a kicking break; there will be a straight line of bone from the heel to the hip.
  • Ball of the foot. The ball of the foot is the best striking surface when using a round/roundhouse kick. Using the instep will probably lead to an injury.
  • Edge of the foot. The outer knife-edge of the foot presents a small contact area, which makes it a good breaking technique. A side snap kick can easily slice through a few boards with no injury to the foot.
  • Knee. Use upward or round knee strikes using the top of the knee. It is difficult to generate a lot of power in such a short-range weapon and with a limited range of movement.
  • Head. Head breaks are relatively simple to perform but they look difficult. The contact area is the upper part of the forehead. Although there is no apparent injury, the brain gets rattled inside the skull and the neck vertebrae take most of the shock. Later in life, the discs between the vertebrae may cause problems because of blows received to the head in earlier years. I speak from personal experience.

Level of difficulty of various breaking techniques

The level of the relative difficulty of using various breaking techniques for breaking (from least to most difficult). The list is purely subjective.

Using arm techniques    

  • Palm strike
  • Hammer fist
  • Elbow strike (downward)
  • Fore fist punch
  • Knife-hand (downward)
  • Elbow strike (forward)
  • Chicken wrist strike
  • Knife-hand strike (horizontal)
  • Chicken wrist (upward)
  • Ridge-hand
  • Uppercut
  • Spinning back fist
  • Spinning knife-hand
  • Spinning hammer fist
  • Spinning elbow
  • Tiger paw
  • Punch (speed break)
  • Ridge hand (speed break)
  • Knife hand (speed break)
  • Fore-knuckle punch

Using leg techniques

  • Front kick
  • Axe kick
  • Knee strike
  • Side kick (sliding)
  • Round kick (rear leg)
  • Side kick (rear leg)
  • Side kick (jump)
  • Side kick (front leg)
  • Side kick (jump, front leg)
  • Front kick (head height)
  • Back kick
  • Crescent kick (rear leg)
  • Hook kick (front leg)
  • Round kick (front leg)
  • Front kick (jump)
  • Round kick (jump, rear leg)
  • Crescent kick (front leg)
  • Side kick (jump rear leg)
  • Back kick (jump)
  • Hook kick (spin)
  • Crescent kick (spin)
  • Hook kick (jump, spin)
  • Back kick (jump, spin)
  • Crescent (jump, spin)
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