Style descriptions: D
Some styles of martial arts that begin with the letter D.
Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu (Japan)A prominent sub-style of jujutsu, daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu is an old jujutsu style presumably founded by Yoshimitsu Minamoto, in the eleventh century. Originally, it was only practiced by the highest ranking samurais in the Takeda family in the Kai fiefdom in northern Japan. Feudal overlord Shingen Takeda died in 1573, and his kinsman, Kunitsugu Takeda, moved to the Aizu fiefdom, where he became Jito, overseer of the fief.
Kunitsugu introduced daito-ryu aiki-Jujutsu to the Aizu fiefdom, where the secret fighting art only was taught to the feudal lords and the highest ranking samurais and ladies in waiting.The feudal system was broken down by 1868 when the Meiji restoration began. Tanomo Saigo (1829-1905), the heir to daito-ryu, gave the system to Sogaku Takeda (1859-1943) and instructed him to pass it on to future generations.
Sogaku first used the term "daito-ryu aiki-Jujutsu" in the beginning of the twentieth century. Two of his best known students were Morihei Ueshiba, founder of aikido, and Yong Sul Choi, founder of hapkido.Daito-ryu aiki-jujutsu has four levels of techniques: shoden (lowest), chuden (advanced), okuden (highest), and hiden (secret techniques).
- Shoden. Training starts with shoden where the student learns ukemi (falling and rolling), tai sabaki (moving the body), tsu baki and ashi sabaki (movements of the hands and feet and legs), defenses against grappling, and defenses against punches, kicks and weapons, such as short and long staffs (tanbo, jo, and chobo) and knives and swords (tanto and katana). Techniques are taught to be used from standing, sitting, or lying positions. The first transmission scroll, Fiden Mokuroku, describes the first 118 jujutsu techniques from the shoden level.
- Chuden. Advanced jujutsu techniques with large, soft movements, as in aikido. The actual aiki training consists of a combination of these techniques and those from shoden. At this level of training, some amount of force is used.
- Okuden. Movements are performed as small as possible. Breathing, reflexes, circles, and timing are used instead of muscles. The techniques are small and fast, and it is not necessary to hold an attacker to throw him or her since the reactions of the attacker are used against him or her. It is believed that the attacker gets a soft shock, similar to an electric shock, which activates the reflexes, making it easy to manipulate the attacker.
- Hiden. The secret techniques. Soft techniques that only work properly when the whole body and proper breathing is used. The attacker is touched easily and the techniques are so small that even experienced martial artists cannot see what is happening.
Dim-mak (China)Also dim-mok, or dian-mai. The Chinese science of attacking the body and/or its acupuncture points or nerve centers to disrupt internal energy (ki, chi, or qi), organs, or blood flow and cause injury, or death, immediately, or hours, days, or weeks later. Techniques are associated with chin-na.
Dumog (Philippines)Dumog is a Philippine wrestling style that uses grappling techniques to throw an opponent. The opponent's back must land squarely on the ground for the throw to count.