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Patterns>Performance>Speed changes

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Speed changes

Intro

During the course of performing a pattern, the tempo should remain steady, but there may be one or more required changes in speed. There are two types of speed in patterns, the speed of body motion and the speed of combinations.

Motion speed

There are three types of motion speed used in patterns: normal, fast, and slow.
  • Fast. As it relates to patterns, fast motion speed is moving from one movement to the next at a smooth, but fast pace, performing the required technique with quickness and power with a short powerful exhale.
  • Normal. As it relates to patterns, normal motion speed is moving from one movement to the next at a smooth, steady pace, performing the required technique with quickness and power with a powerful kiai.
  • Slow. As it relates to patterns, slow motion speed is moving from one movement to the next slowly and deliberately tensed muscles as if you were trying to use full speed and power, but some invisible force is resisting your movement. The technique is performed in the same manner, and deliberately tensed muscles with long, loud slow exhale. Slow motion saps your energy quickly because it takes a lot of effort to maintain total body tension while moving and performing a technique.

Combination speed

There are three types of combination speed used in patterns: fast, continuous, and connected.

  • Fast speed. Fast combination speed is when each technique of the combination is performed in rapid succession at normal speed with sharp exhale on each technique. Fast techniques are normally attacks and are usually punches and kicks. Examples are:
  • In do-san pattern, during movements 15 & 16 (2 punch combination after front kick) and 19 & 20 (2 punch combination after front kick)
  • In yul-gok pattern, during movements 2 & 3 (2 punch combination after slow punch), 5 & 6 (2 punch combination after slow punch), 9 & 10 (2 punch combination after front kick), and 13 & 14 (2 punch combination after front kick)
  • In joon-gun pattern, during movements 15 & 16 (pull back release and punch after back fist) and 18 & 19 (pull back release and punch after back fist).
  • In hwa-rang pattern, during movements 18 & 19 (round kick, round kick, double knife hand guarding block).
  • In choong-moo pattern, during movements 14 & 15 (round kick and spin side kick).
  • In ge-baek pattern, during movements 3 & 4 (2 punch combination after twist kick) and 22 & 23 (round kick and side kick after ridge hand).
  • In choong-jang pattern, during movements 46 & 47 (2 punch combination after front kick).
  • In yoo-sin pattern, during movements 2 & 3 (2 hook punches), 34 & 35 (double middle forearm block and low block), and 36 & 37 (double middle forearm block and low block).
  • In choi-yong pattern, during movements 21 & 22 (2 pressing blocks after elbow strike).
  • In ul-ji pattern, during movement 11 (stepping into X-stance drop).
  • In so-san pattern, during movements 5 & 6 (knife hand block and punch after vertical punch), 7 & 8 (knife hand block and punch after vertical punch), 39 & 40 (2 punch combination after front kick), and 47 & 48 (2 punch combination after front kick).
  • In tong-il pattern, during movements 5 & 6 (2 punches after inward palm block), 14 & 15 (punches after reverse knife hand), and 20 & 21 (2 punches after back fist).
  • Continuous speed. Continuous combination speed is when each technique of the combination is performed in normal speed with each technique flowing smoothly into the next with no pause between techniques with sharp exhale on each technique. It is always preceded with a block. Examples are:
  • In dan-gun pattern, during movements 13 & 14 (low block and high block).
  • In toi-gye pattern, during movements 7 & 8 (low x-block and twin high punch).
  • In po-eun pattern, during movements 6 & 12 (block/punch combinations) and 24 & 30 (block/punch combinations).
  • In gae-baek pattern, during movements 5 & 6 (high block and low block) and 37 & 38 (2 low knife hand guarding blocks).
  • In eui-am pattern, during movements 5 & 6 (down x-block and high block after twist kick) and 18 & 19 (down x-block and high block after twist kick).
  • In sam-il pattern, during movements 30 & 31 (inward block and punch after punch).
  • In yoo-sin pattern, during movements 16, 17, 18, & 19 (2 hook block- punch combinations) and 20, 21, 25, & 26 (low x-fist block and high x -knife hand block combinations).
  • In ul-ji pattern, during movements 2 & 3 (low x-fist block/ high x-knife hand block after twin fists).
  • In so-san pattern, during movements 52 & 53, 57 & 58 (low knife hand block and punch after punch) and 71 & 72 (low knife hand block and punch after punch)
  • Connected speed. Connected combination speed is when two techniques are performed at normal speed with during one exhale. It is always preceded with a block and it always involves two movements with opposite arms. Example are:
  • In yul-gok pattern, during movements 16 & 17, 19 & 20 (2 hook block and punch combinations).
  • In gae-baek pattern, during movements 9 & 10, 29 & 30 (2 scoop block and punch combinations).
  • In yoo-sin pattern, during movements 10 & 11, 14 & 15 (2 scoop block and punch combinations).
  • In moon-moo pattern, during movements 28 & 29, 37 & 38 (2 scoop block and punch combinations).
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