Mental or physical?
IntroAre patterns a mental or physical exercise? I think they are more mental. Some people can perform a technically perfect pattern in class but cannot perform the pattern under stress, such as at a rank test or tournament. Sometimes, I have students turn to face a side wall in the school rather than the front and then perform their pattern again. Many students, even though they have correctly performed the pattern many times while facing the front of the class, get mentally confused when facing the new direction.
Some people whose physical ability may be lacking can still perform a beautiful and intense pattern that draws high scores because the movements were so precise. The body supports the brain and gives it mobility, and but it also tries to do whatever the brain tells it to do.
To prepare mentally, you must concentrate on visualization, attitude, and presentation. The old adage, "What the mind can perceive, the body can achieve." is true. Visualize yourself performing each movement of the pattern perfectly every day and when the time comes to perform the pattern perfectly, the body will respond. Visualize yourself blocking and attacking a real opponent so you can appreciate the meaning of each technique. Practice relaxation techniques so you will be relaxed during the stress of pattern performance. Train with the proper attitude and you will perform with attitude. A pattern is a mock fight where you are defending yourself against an imaginary opponent. Have a warrior spirit. Perform the pattern with the same power and intensity that you would as a warrior in a real fight.
To prepare physically, concentrate on increasing your flexibility, strength, and endurance. These attributes will increase your power and speed and help you stay more relaxed during the physical exertion.
Physical aspectsIt is physically taxing to perform a pattern the way it is supposed to be performed. Each movement should be precise with maximum effort. Each technique should be performed as if your life depended on it doing its job. The body is constantly tensing and relaxing. When you finish a pattern, you should be physically exhausted; you gave it everything you had. It would be impossible for you to perform the pattern again with the same intensity without a rest. When you practice your patterns, you cannot maintain this level of exertion very long, so you back off some so that you may practice longer and perfect your movements.
Mental aspectsStudents tend to overlook the mental aspects of patterns during their training, but they are just as important, if not more important. One of the obvious mental aspects of pattern performance is the kiai/kiyup. The kiai is not just a yell to be performed at specific points in a pattern, it is the convergence of all your energy and thought at a single instant of maximum power. When the pattern is performed correctly, you feel so powerful that you cannot help but make a noise.
An explosion will make a loud noise, but a loud noise is not an explosion, likewise, the kiai is a shout, but a shout is not a kiai. When you perfect a technique to the point that you know an opponent would be powerless against it and you execute the technique well, you feel exalted at its perfection. You release this feeling of exaltation and perfection through the kiai. Only perfection will bring out a true kiai. Otherwise, it will only be a yell. If you have an unshakable belief in both yourself and your ability to apply the techniques of the pattern, regardless of the circumstances, then you will have a strong kiai.
When an opponent is helpless against your techniques, you will feel the kiai. When the opponent feels overcome by the kiai, he or she will feel "aiki." Aiki occurs when one is overwhelmed by a dominating spirit. Feeling aiki will cause an opponent to doubt his or her skills and to resign to defeat. In combat, if you break your opponent’s spirit so they lose their will to fight, you are guaranteed victory. Sometimes a highly confident stare may cause an opponent to feel aiki. In the classic text, The Art of War, Sun-Tzu states, “Achieving victory in every battle is not absolute perfection, neutralizing an adversary’s forces without battle is absolute perfection.” A high-quality pattern performed to perfection will cause aiki in those who view it. They will feel a cold chill come over them. Arrogance, making mean faces, and overacting will not cause aiki. Aiki not a caused by a conscious effort of the performer, it is something that occurs naturally when one has perfected his or her pattern to point that viewers are awestruck by its performance.
As you perform your pattern, you should not look like a robot performing programmed motions. You should look like an alert warrior who is reacting to attacks from unseen attackers. Your performance should cause viewers to visualize your attackers. They should feel as though they are watching a real fight. Master Itsou (founder of the pinan and heian karate katas), when outlining his philosophy of karate to the Prefecture Education department wrote, “During practice, you should imagine you are on the battlefield. When blocking and striking, you should make your eyes glare, drop the shoulders, and harden the body. Now block the enemy’s punch and strike! Always practice with this spirit so that, when on the real battlefield, you will naturally be prepared.”
Once you bow at the beginning of the pattern, you should have "no mind," a mind that is open and not fixed upon any particular object or thought. You are not thinking about performing the pattern, you are merely reacting attackers with fearless power. As Bruce Lee said,
“You must be shapeless, formless, like water. When you pour water in a cup, it becomes the cup. When you pour water in a bottle, it becomes the bottle. When you pour water in a teapot, it becomes the teapot. Water can drip and it can crash. Become like water my friend.”Do not exhibit arrogance during your performance. From the time you are called forward to perform your pattern, you should exhibit the quiet courtesy and humility of a fearless warrior who has been called upon to do battle for the kingdom. A true warrior is confident and is to be feared, while at the same time presents him or herself as a kind, gentle and humble servant of the king.