Patterns>Chang-hon pattern set>Yu-sin

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Yu-sin is named after General Kim Yu-sin, a great commander of the Silla Dynasty, who was instrumental in uniting the three kingdoms of Korea. Yu-sin felt that Paekche, Koguryo, and Silla should not be separate countries, but should be united because all the people had the same ethnic background. He is regarded as the driving force in the unification of the Korean peninsula and is the most famous of all the generals in the unification wars.


Yu-sin became a hwarang at the age of 15 and was an accomplished swordsman and a Kuk-Son by the time he was 18 years old. By the age of 34, he had been given command of the Silla armed forces. Yu-Sin was active on all fronts in the wars and many times he simultaneously conducted battles against both Paekche and Koguryo. He defeated the great Paekche general Gae-Baek in the battle in which Gae-baek was killed.

Another story about Yu-sin tells how as a young man he had fallen in love with a kisaeng girl and had begun to neglect his martial art training as a result of the affair. Kim's mother learned of the matter and scolded her son severely, making him promise never to meet the young woman again. Yu-Sin fell asleep on the back of his beloved horse one night and the animal, out of habit, carried the sleeping man to the doorstep of the kisaeng's house. When Kim Yu-Shin realized where he was, he became enraged and beheaded his horse with his sword. Then, he fled to a cave deep within the mountains to purify his spirit.

The story goes on to say how the gods were moved by Yu-sin's diligent training. A heavenly figure appeared to him and bestowed upon him an engraved sword and some special texts. It is them said that these celestial gifts helped Kim Yu-sin carry out his great task of unifying the Korean peninsula.
There are also tales of Yu-sin's son, Won-sullong, who went to fight against the T'ang Army in a territorial dispute. When Won-sullong returned home in defeat, his father disowned him for breaking the hwa-rang precept against retreat in battle. Bitter and humiliated, Won-sullong went deep into the mountains and concentrated on martial art training. Sometime later, he entered the enemy camp alone, as a commoner, and beheaded the enemy commander. He then died a heroic death on the spot.

Once, while Silla was allied with China against Paekche, a heated argument began between Yu-sin's commander and a Chinese general. As the argument escalated into a potentially bloody confrontation, the sword of Yu-sin was said to have leaped from its scabbard into his hand. Because the sword of a warrior was believed to be his soul, this occurrence so frightened the Chinese general that he immediately apologized to the Silla officers. Incidences such as this kept the Chinese in awe of the hwarang. In later years, when asked by the Chinese emperor to attack Silla, the Chinese generals claimed that, although Silla was small, it could not be defeated.

During the unification wars, Yu- Sin was assisted by the Dang Empire of China so the Dang Empire dominated both Koguryo and Paekche. Later, the Dang also tried to dominate Silla. Yu-sin fought and defeated the Dang, driving Dang forces from Silla.

Yu-sin lived to the age of 79 and is considered one of Korea's most famous generals. He had five sons, who along with his wife, contributed great deeds to the historical records of the hwarang.

Pattern movements

Number of Movements: 68 (The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of the year 668 AD, the year Korea was unified).

Diagram of movements

Pattern performance

There are numerous videos and explanations of the pattern movements available on the internet that show how to perform the pattern in the way preferred by your instructor, school, or organization. The following is an example of the ITF way to perform the pattern.

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