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## Intro

When hunting ducks with a shotgun, you don’t shoot at sitting ducks, you shoot them in the air. Duck hunters know you can never shoot directly at a duck in flight. If you do, by the time your shot pellets reach where the duck was, the duck will not be there.

To shoot a duck in flight, you must quickly determine the direction and speed of the duck, the range to the duck, and know the speed of your shot pellets and how long it takes them to cover the distance to the duck. Using this information, you must then instantly compute where you think the duck will be when your shot pellets reach it, allowing for your time spent making and analyzing the computations and the time it takes you to aim and shoot, and then, finally, you must accurately shoot at that computed point in the sky. If everything goes as planned, you will hit the duck and will later be having roast duck with your friends while you all sit around the campfire. However, if you will miss the duck, the other hunters will be roasting you as you all sit around the campfire eating wieners.

## Application to sparring

When you spar, most opponents are constantly moving, so you cannot attack where the target is located; if you do, it probably will not be there when the strike arrives. Since your hands are so quick and maneuverable, you can usually punch at a target and hit it before it moves out of the way away, but kicks have too far to travel and a leg has too much mass for it to change direction quickly, so you cannot count on the target being where it was when you fired the kick.

Once you spar a few seconds with an opponent, you begin to see how the opponent reacts to your kicks, such as which direction they usually move, how quickly they move, and how much they move. You should use this information and start leading your targets. Instead of kicking where the target is, kick to where the target will be when the kick arrives.