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Like everything else in the martial arts, the secret to sparring is knowing, training, and perfecting the fundamentals. Sparring is when you practice your techniques against an opponent. Even when the sparring is just controlled step-sparring, facing a real person and practicing fighting techniques against a thinking, moving target that can block and strike back is a bettering learning experience than practicing in the air or on a bag.


About sparring. What is sparring is about

Sources. References used for the sparring topics.

Evolution of sparring

In the beginning. Where fighting started.

Counting Coop. One of the first uses of point-sparring.

Pierre de Coubertin. French influence.

Jigero Kano. Japanese influence.

Gichin Funakoshi. Okinawan influence.

Taekwondo sparring. Korean influence.

Ways sparring is used. Three ways that sparring differs.

Point vs. continuous sparring. Stop and go versus go until it stops.

New sparring strategies. How sport taekwondo changed sparring.

Continuous sparring considerations. Pros and cons of continuous sparring.

Evolution continues. Change is inevitable.

Sparring equipment

Sparring helmets. Is it safe to wear a helmet?

Sparring protective equipment. Is it safe to wear protective gear?

Safety fosters danger in sparring. Danger makes us think about safety.

Types of sparring

Types of sparring. The different ways sparring is conducted.

Step-sparring. About step-sparring.

Free-sparring. See below.


What is free-sparring? About free-sparring.

Types of free-sparring. Some of the types of free-sparring.

Point-sparring. About point-sparring

No-contact versus full-contact sparring. The good and bad of each one.

Senior citizen sparring. Is special care needed or wanted?

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